|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1074990||949973||2016||5 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
• We analyzed the impact of outsourcing to workplace alcohol management.
• Outsourcing work conditions undermine alcohol policy management.
• Alcohol policy implementation between supervisors was uncoordinated.
• Characteristics of outsourcers and subcontractors determined alcohol availability.
BackgroundWorkplace alcohol policies are crucial for workers’ health and safety. The practice of outsourcing is gaining popularity around the world and was found to be associated with poorer health in the working population. This study aimed to examine how outsourcing complicates the implementation of workplace alcohol policies and affects workers’ drinking behaviors.MethodsIn-depth interviews were conducted with 16 outsource workers, 3 subcontractors and 3 worksite supervisors. Information regarding workers’ drinking behaviors, their knowledge, and attitudes toward workplace alcohol policy were analyzed using a qualitative thematic analysis.ResultsFactors associated with poor workplace alcohol management included smaller size and private ownership of outsourcers, subcontractors’ own drinking behavior and positive attitude to alcohol, and precarious employment conditions of outsourcing workers. The multilateral relationship between outsourcers, subcontractors, and workers complicated and impaired the implementation of workplace alcohol policies.ConclusionThe implementation of workplace alcohol management policies was hampered in outsourcing work conditions due to poor coordination of supervisors in the subcontract chain. The enforcement of alcohol policies in the workplace should be strengthened by consolidating management responsibilities of outsourcers and subcontractors.
Journal: International Journal of Drug Policy - Volume 28, February 2016, Pages 43–47