کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2647537 1139047 2015 18 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
A systematic review of randomised controlled trials examining the effectiveness of breast and cervical cancer screening interventions for ethnic minority women
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
یک بررسی سیستماتیک از کارآزمایی های کنترل شده تصادفی با بررسی اثربخشی مداخلات غربالگری سرطان سینه و گردن رحم برای زنان اقلیت های قومی
کلمات کلیدی
سرطان پستان؛ سرطان دهانه رحم؛ غربالگری؛ مداخله؛ گروه های قومی؛ مرور
Breast cancer; Cervical cancer; Screening; Intervention; Ethnic group; Review
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی تومور شناسی
چکیده انگلیسی

PurposeTo examine the effect that breast and/or cervical cancer screening programmes for ethnic minority women have on their knowledge of and beliefs about breast or cervical cancer and screening, and on their screening intentions and uptake rates. Recommendations are also made for the format and content of such programmes, based on existing evidence.MethodsA comprehensive literature search was carried out both manually and by means of five electronic databases. The findings are summarised and synthesised in narrative fashion.ResultsThe ten RCTs included here were conducted among ethnic minority women in the United States or Canada, where breast or cervical cancer screening programmes have led to improvements in screening intentions, knowledge of cervical cancer and pap test uptake. The Breast Cancer Screening Belief Scale and self-reporting were the methods commonly used to measure outcomes. The shared characteristics of both countries' programmes were that they were theory- and language-based, the instruction took place in a community setting, the materials were culturally relevant, the content highlighted key messages about breast or cervical cancer and screening measures, and there were multiple intervention strategies.ConclusionBreast or cervical cancer screening programmes in Western countries have demonstrated improvements in knowledge of the disease, screening intentions and pap test uptake, although evidence on the effectiveness of the interventions has been limited. The common characteristics of programmes are identified, but a comprehensive model is still needed to link these characteristics with other factors and mediators influencing outcomes.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: European Journal of Oncology Nursing - Volume 19, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages 536–553
نویسندگان
, ,