کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2650625 1139405 2016 8 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Knowledge and attitudes about HIV infection and prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in an urban, low income community in Durban, South Africa: Perspectives of residents and health care volunteers
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
دانش و نگرش در مورد عفونت HIV و پیشگیری از انتقال HIV مادر به کودک در یک جامعه کم درآمد شهری در دوربان، آفریقای جنوبی: دیدگاه ساکنان و داوطلبان مراقبت های بهداشتی
کلمات کلیدی
ایدز؛ دانش HIV؛ انتقال اچ آی وی. PMTCT
AIDS; HIV knowledge; HIV transmission; PMTCT
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پرستاری و مشاغل بهداشتی پرستاری
چکیده انگلیسی

BackgroundHIV prevalence is high among South African women of reproductive age and transmission of HIV from mothers to children is a concern. This study ascertained the level of knowledge about HIV infection and prevention, particularly prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) amongst South African women from a low income community. It also established the challenges in delivering HIV education from the perspectives of health care volunteers.MethodFemale residents (n = 67) from Kenneth Gardens, a low income community in Durban, South Africa were interviewed. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 health care volunteers who were either health care workers or residents who provided some form of social support in the community.ResultsThe majority of respondents indicated that a mother could transmit HIV to her child but were unable to specify how. Many women had general HIV/AIDS knowledge but were unable to identify essential prevention behaviours and were not very receptive to more information on HIV/AIDS. They were supportive of routine testing procedures and child bearing amongst HIV positive women. Health care volunteers indicated a need for a community clinic in the area. They also had limited knowledge of PMTCT and indicated that there was a need for more education on HIV, particularly to encourage the youth and men to use preventative measures.ConclusionInnovative ways to impart knowledge particularly of PMTCT and updated standards of practice are essential. It is important that the community understands how transmission occurs so that prevention can follow.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Health SA Gesondheid - Volume 21, December 2016, Pages 171–178
نویسندگان
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