کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2651821 1139536 2014 7 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
The gender-specific association between asthma and the need to smoke tobacco
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
ارتباط خاص جنسیتی بین آسم و نیاز به دود سیگار
کلمات کلیدی
مقیاس نیاز به مصرف سیگار نوجوانان؛ تفاوت های جنسیتی؛ بیماری ریه؛ وابستگی به نیکوتین؛ استفاده از تنباکو؛ جوانان COPD، بیماری مزمن انسدادی ریه؛ ETS، دود سیگار محیطی؛ پرسشنامه تحمل اضطراب
Adolescents' Need for Smoking Scale; Gender differences; Lung disease; Nicotine dependence; Tobacco use; YouthCOPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; ETS, environmental tobacco smoke; M-FTQ, modified-Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire for adolescents
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی کاردیولوژی و پزشکی قلب و عروق
چکیده انگلیسی

ObjectivesTo examine the associations between multidimensional tobacco dependence and youths' asthma status with gender as an effect modifier.BackgroundDespite the adverse respiratory effects, some adolescents with asthma smoke tobacco. Girls and boys have been shown to have different motivations for tobacco use.MethodsSecondary analyses were conducted of data obtained from 1248 adolescents who completed the British Columbia Youth Survey of Smoking and Health II. The sample was limited to youth who reported current or experimental tobacco use and who provided asthma status information. Tobacco dependence was assessed with the modified-Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire and four-dimension Adolescents' Need for Smoking Scale (ANSS), which assesses social dependence, physical dependence, emotional dependence, and sensory dependence on tobacco. All analyses were stratified by gender.ResultsThe sample was 535 boys and 713 girls who were 15.9 years of age (SD = 1.5), on average. Gender was associated with both self-reported asthma status and the physical dependence dimension of the ANSS. Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that girls with asthma, compared with girls without asthma, had higher physical tobacco dependence scores, after adjusting for demographic and other factors. None of the tobacco dependence dimensions was associated with the asthma status of boys.ConclusionsAsthmatic girls who report smoking may be doing so because they develop physical dependence relatively quickly and lose their autonomy with respect to tobacco use. They may require significant support for smoking cessation, including cognitive behavioral therapy and nicotine replacement therapy.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Volume 43, Issue 1, January–February 2014, Pages 77–83
نویسندگان
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