|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2695850||1403907||2016||5 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
PurposeMeibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is one of the most common causes of evaporative dry eye. Warm compresses (WC) are recommended as adjunct therapy to slowly transfer heat to the meibomian glands to melt or soften the stagnant meibum with targeted temperatures of 40−45° C. This clinical study evaluated the heat retention profiles of commercially available eyelid warming masks over a 12-min interval.MethodsFive eyelid-warming masks (MGDRx Eyebag®, EyeDoctor®, Bruder®, Tranquileyes XR™, Thera°Pearl®) were heated following manufacturer's instructions and heat retention was assessed at 1-min intervals for 12 min. A facecloth warmed with hot tap water was used as comparison.ResultsTwelve (n = 12) subjects participated in the study (10F:2 M, ranging in age from 21 to 30 with an average of 23.2 ± 3.8 years). Each mask demonstrated a unique heat retention profile, reaching maximum temperature at different times and having a different final temperature at the end of the 12-min evaluation. After heating, all eyelid warming masks reached a temperature near 37° C within the first minute. The facecloth was significantly cooler than all other masks as of the 2-min mark (p < 0.05).ConclusionsReusability, availability and heat retention profiles should be considered when selecting an eyelid warming masks for adjunct WC therapy in the management of MGD. All masks tested, with the exception of the facecloth, demonstrated stable heat retention throughout the 12 min, bringing further awareness that patient education is required to discuss the shortcomings of the heat retention of the facecloth, if only heated once.
Journal: Contact Lens and Anterior Eye - Volume 39, Issue 4, August 2016, Pages 311–315