|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2833398||1163868||2017||6 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود رایگان|
The Drung ethnic minority is one of the smallest ethnic groups of China, geographically isolated by mountains and rivers. Before 1949, Drung society maintained many vestiges of the primitive commune system. The origin and migration of the Drung and their genetic background are still unknown because of limited records about this population. Here, we for the first time demonstrated the unique distribution of HLA alleles in the Drung by high-resolution sequence-based typing (SBT) method. Number of alleles detected is obviously less than expected and only a few alleles with a high homozygosity in each locus are predominant in this minority. The characteristics of HLA allele distribution in the Drung could reflect founder effects, suggesting the Drung probably descended from very few ancestors. The statistical analysis based on allele frequencies indicated that the Drung was an isolated ethnic group, but it also provided the clue that the Drung was genetically related to Chinese southwestern ethnic groups. Significant reduced allelic diversity and genetic isolate in the Drung make it an ideal homogeneous population and very useful model to study the evolution of HLA and the origin and migration of Chinese ethnic groups. The research paved a way to elucidate the genetic background of this mysterious minority and disease predisposition.
Journal: Molecular Immunology - Volume 44, Issue 8, March 2007, Pages 2017–2022