|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4011099||1261097||2016||3 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
• Chick intraocular pressure varies between light and dark.
• Intraocular pressure in chicks does not vary in constant light.
• Recovery of normal intraocular pressure fluctuation requires more than one week after three weeks in constant light.
We report measurements of intraocular pressure (IOP) in growing domestic chicks at 12 h intervals, with three different lighting conditions. One group of chicks was raised in 12 h light and 12 h darkness (N), another in constant light (CL), and the third group was initially exposed to CL for three weeks then returned to N for either one week or four weeks (CLN). Pressures were measured in the middle of the light and dark periods (noon and midnight) for N and CLN birds, and at corresponding 12 h intervals for CL birds (also noon and midnight). The IOP of N chicks fluctuated from a light period average value of 25 mm Hg ( ±1.3 SD), to a dark period average value of 17.5 mm Hg ( ±1.1 SD mm Hg; P < 0.0001). These pressures were established by 4 days of age. At 7 weeks, (N) IOP continued to fluctuate: light values were 21.7 mm Hg (±1.2 SD), and dark values were 18.3 mm Hg ( ±0.7 SD). The IOP of CL birds did not fluctuate, remaining steady at 17 mm Hg ( ±1.4 SD). Chicks exposed to CL for 3 weeks required more than one week in N to re-establish (N) IOP values. We conclude that IOP fluctuates in hatchling chicks under N light conditions, that fluctuation is suppressed in CL light conditions, and that IOP recovery from 3 weeks suppression in CL requires more than one week in N light conditions.
Journal: Experimental Eye Research - Volume 148, July 2016, Pages 52–54