|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4407300||1618806||2016||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• The coating level strongly impacts the atmospheric lifetime of CLP adsorbed on sand particles towards ozone.
• The O3 equilibrium constant between the gas and the coated sand is independent of the pesticide particulate concentration.
• The pesticide-coating level does not influence the heterogeneous ozonolysis mechanism of CLP.
Heterogeneous oxidation of chlorpyrifos ethyl (CLP) coated sand particles by gaseous ozone was studied. Mono-size sand was coated with CLP at different coating levels between 10 and 100 μg g−1 and exposed to ozone. Results were analyzed thanks to Gas Surface Reaction and Surface Layer Reaction Models. Kinetic parameters derived from these models were analyzed and led to several conclusions. The equilibrium constant of O3 between the gas phase and the CLP-coated sand was independent on the sand contamination level. Ozone seems to have similar affinity for coated or uncoated sand surface. Meanwhile, the kinetic parameters decreased with an increasing coating level. Chlorpyrifos Oxon, (CLPO) has been identified and quantified as an ozonolysis product. The product yield of CLPO remains constant (53 ± 10%) for the different coating level.The key parameter influencing the CLP reactivity towards ozone was the CLP-coating level. This dependence had a great influence on the lifetime of the CLP coated on sand particles, with respect to ozone, which could reach several years at high contamination level.
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Journal: Chemosphere - Volume 165, December 2016, Pages 304–310