کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4683844 1349370 2017 15 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Timing of early Quaternary gravel accumulation in the Swiss Alpine Foreland
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
زمان بندی انباشت سنگریزه کواترنر اولیه در فورلند آلپ سوئیس
کلمات کلیدی
کیهانی؛ 10Be؛ قدمت مشخصات عمق ؛ Deckenschotter؛ پلیستوسن
Cosmogenic; 10Be; Depth-profile dating; Deckenschotter; Pleistocene
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات فرآیندهای سطح زمین
چکیده انگلیسی


• 1.9 ± 0.2 Ma 10Be depth-profile age for gravels in the northern Alpine Foreland
• Provenance from the northern Central Alps and reworked from Miocene Molasse
• Transport mainly as bedload in braided rivers in a glaciofluvial system
• 0.12 mm/a long-term bedrock incision rate
• 0.3–0.4 mm/a palaeo-denudation rate estimation for the palaeocatchment

Deckenschotter (‘Cover Gravels’) are proximal glaciofluvial gravels located in the northern Alpine Foreland mainly beyond the extent of the Last Glacial Maximum. They cover Tertiary Molasse or Mesozoic bedrock with an erosional unconformity. In Switzerland, Deckenschotter are referred to as Höhere (Higher) and Tiefere (Lower) Deckenschotter based on their topographical positions with a significant phase of incision that separates these two units. For this study, we performed sedimentological analyses to identify the provenance, transport mechanisms and depositional environment of these gravels. In addition, we established the chronology of the Höhere Deckenschotter gravels at Stadlerberg using cosmogenic 10Be depth-profile dating technique. The inherited 10Be concentration then allowed estimation of a catchment-wide palaeo-denudation rate. The results from clast fabric investigations indicate that braided rivers within a glaciofluvial environment transported these sediments to the study site mainly as bedload. In addition, the petrographic composition of the deposits shows that a large portion of the gravels was derived through erosional recycling of Miocene Molasse conglomerates. Some material was additionally sourced in the northern Central Alps. We then conclude that gravel accumulation in the Swiss Alpine Foreland was completed at 1.9 ± 0.2 Ma. This age, however, represents a minimum age and the oldest 10Be depth-profile age ever obtained for a geological unit. Furthermore, a palaeo-denudation rate of c. 0.3–0.4 mm/a was estimated for the catchment of Stadlerberg gravels. Finally, elevation differences between the bedrock underlying the Höhere Deckenschotter and the modern base level imply a long-term regional incision rate of c. 0.12 mm/a.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Geomorphology - Volume 276, 1 January 2017, Pages 71–85
نویسندگان
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