کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4760606 1361904 2017 4 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Traumatic lower extremity and lumbosacral peripheral nerve injuries in adults: Electrodiagnostic studies and patients symptoms
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری بیوشیمی، ژنتیک و زیست شناسی مولکولی ژنتیک
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Traumatic lower extremity and lumbosacral peripheral nerve injuries in adults: Electrodiagnostic studies and patients symptoms
چکیده انگلیسی

•Most extremity peripheral nerve injuries present with pain and weakness.•Radiculopathy is a common electrodiagnostic finding among patients with possible extremity peripheral nerve injuries.•Sciatic nerve is the most common nerve involved in traumatic peripheral nerve injury.

BackgroundPeripheral nerve injuries (PNI) are relatively common pathologies in clinical practice. PNIs are rare in the lower extremity but have worse prognosis than those in the upper extremity. Electrodiagnostic studies could help better understanding PNIs. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the distribution of lower extremity PNI in traumatic patients in northwest of Iran.MethodsIn this prospective study, 74 patients (62 male and 12 female with mean age of 38.39 ± 14.42 years) with possible lower or lumbosacral peripheral nerve injury were studied. Patients' demographic information and physical examination findings were recorded. Electrodiagnostic investigations including electromyography and Nerve Conduction Study were performed for all subjects.ResultsCommon chief complaints were pain and weakness. Impairment in the sensory function was present in 59.5% and muscle force reduction in 47.3%. PNIs were present in 23.0% and mostly were severe. Injuries in sciatic nerve were the most common PNIs (16.2%). Electrodiagnostic studies showed radiculopathy in 48.7% and plexopathy in 8.10% of cases. In 52 patients (70.3%), the physical examination findings were compatible with Electrodiagnostic studies.ConclusionNot all patients presenting with traumatic injuries have lower extremity PNIs. Due to the nature of the trauma and the anatomical course of the nerves, sciatic nerve is more susceptible to traumatic injuries.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Volume 52, November 2017, Pages 89-92
نویسندگان
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