کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4767851 1362436 2018 9 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
A predictive model for the permeability of gas mixtures in glassy polymers
کلمات کلیدی
Permeability; Solubility; Thermodynamic model; Glassy polymers; Gas mixtures;
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی مهندسی شیمی (عمومی)
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
A predictive model for the permeability of gas mixtures in glassy polymers
چکیده انگلیسی

The transport of gaseous mixtures in glassy polymers is analyzed by means of a thermodynamic based model, which is applied to describe the permeability of CO2/CH4 50/50 binary mixtures in various glassy polymeric membranes. The approach relies on the description of the solubility behavior of penetrant/polymer mixtures provided by the nonequilibrium thermodynamics for glassy polymers (NET-GP), and considers the gradient in penetrant chemical potential of each species as the actual driving force of the diffusive mass fluxes. Such an approach is specialized to dilute solutions conditions, as it is typically of interest for the transport of light gas (e.g. CO2, N2, CH4, O2) in glassy polymeric membranes; that allows for the simple and successful prediction of the gas permeability of gas mixtures based on single component transport data, with no additional parameters required.The NET-GP model is used in combination with an equation of state (lattice fluid theory by Sanchez and Lacombe) to obtain the solubility of pure and mixed gases at various pressures and compositions, as well as the thermodynamic factors accounting for the dependence of chemical potentials of the solutes on the concentrations of both penetrants. An exponential dependence on penetrant concentration is used to describe the mobility coefficient behavior, so that only two adjustable parameters are required for the pure penetrant case (infinite dilution mobility and plasticization factor). A simple but effective linear mixing rule is considered to describe transport in the binary mixture case, which does not introduce any additional adjustable parameter due to the presence of a second penetrating species. The comparison with permeation data of gas mixtures in different polymers shows the good predictive ability of the model.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Fluid Phase Equilibria - Volume 455, 15 January 2018, Pages 54-62
نویسندگان
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