|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4924644||1363102||2017||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Overtaking characteristics of vehicles on undivided roads in mixed traffic were studied.
- Flying and accelerative overtaking types were observed.
- Mean overtaking time and overtaking distance for heavy vehicles is higher.
- Vehicles generally do not follow larger size vehicles and often try to overtake them.
- Number of overtaking decreases with increase in flow in opposite direction.
Traffic on Indian roads is highly mixed in nature with wide variations in the static and dynamic characteristics of vehicles. These vehicles do not follow strict lane discipline and occupy any available lateral position on the road space. Overtaking is one of the most complex and important manoeuvre on undivided roads where the vehicles use the opposing lane to overtake the slower vehicles with the presence of oncoming vehicles from opposite direction. They are unavoidable especially in the case of mixed traffic conditions where there is always a speed difference between the fast and slow moving vehicles. Overtaking process involves lane-changing manoeuvres, acceleration and deceleration actions and estimation of relative speed of overtaking and overtaken vehicles, and also, estimation of speed and distance of the oncoming vehicle. The main objective of the present study is to study the overtaking characteristics of vehicles on undivided roads under mixed traffic conditions. For this purpose, details of overtaking data were collected on a two-lane two-way undivided road using moving car observer method and registration plate method. The overtaking characteristics of all types of vehicles under mixed traffic conditions were observed and mathematically modelled.The data extracted and analysed were the acceleration characteristics, speeds of the overtaking vehicles, overtaking time, overtaking distances, safe opposing gap required for overtaking, flow rates, overtaking frequencies, types of overtaking strategy, and types of overtaking and overtaken vehicles. Two types of overtaking strategies were observed in the field such as flying overtaking and accelerative overtaking. Graphs were plotted between the relative speed of the overtaking and overtaken vehicles against the overtaking time and negative correlation was found between the speed differential and total overtaking time for all categories of vehicles. It was observed that the number of overtaking increases with increase in the flow rate in the on-going direction and decreases with increase in flow in the opposite direction. The results obtained from this study will be useful to understand the overtaking behaviour of vehicles in mixed and non-lane discipline traffic conditions. These parameters will be useful in the development of traffic simulations models for undivided roads and thereby for estimation of capacity. The findings from the study can also be used to estimate potential collision times which will be helpful to improve the road safety.
Journal: Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition) - Volume 4, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages 252-261open access