کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4924645 1363102 2017 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Drivers' smart advisory system improves driving performance at STOP sign intersections
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه سایر رشته های مهندسی مهندسی هوافضا
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Drivers' smart advisory system improves driving performance at STOP sign intersections
چکیده انگلیسی


- A radio frequency identification (RFID) based in-vehicle drivers' smart advisory system (DSAS) is developed.
- The DSAS is tested at a STOP sign controlled intersection and its effectiveness is significant.
- The DSAS can improve drivers' defensive driving behaviors.
- All test subjects agree that the DSAS is worth to place in their vehicles.
- The application of the DSAS can reduce vehicle emissions.

STOP signs are often physically blocked by obstacles at the corner, forming a safety threat. To enhance the safety at an un-signalized intersection like a STOP sign intersection, a radio frequency identification (RFID) based drivers smart advisory system (DSAS) was developed, which provides drivers with an earlier warning message when they are approaching an un-signalized intersection. In this research, a pilot field test was conducted with the DSAS alarm on an approach towards a STOP sign intersection in a residential area in Houston, Texas. The designed test route covers all turning movements, including left turn, through movement, and right turn. GPS units recorded test drivers' driving behaviors. A self-developed MATLAB program and statistically significant difference t-test were applied to analyze the impacts of the DSAS messages on drivers' driving performance, in terms of approaching speed profile, acceleration/deceleration rates, braking distance, and possible extra vehicle emissions induced by the introduction of the DSAS message. Drivers' preference on the DSAS was investigated by a designed survey questionnaire among test drivers. Results showed that the DSAS alarm was able to induce drivers to drive significantly slower to approach a STOP sign intersection, perform smaller fluctuation in acceleration/deceleration rates, and be more aware of a coming STOP sign indicated by decelerating earlier. All test drivers preferred to follow the DSAS alarm on roads for a safety concern. Further, the DSAS alarm caused the reduction in emission rates through movement. For a general observation, more road tests with more participants and different test routes were recommended.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition) - Volume 4, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages 262-271open access
نویسندگان
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