کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4924646 1363102 2017 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Effectiveness of enforcement levels of speed limit and drink driving laws and associated factors - Exploratory empirical analysis using a bivariate ordered probit model
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
اثربخشی سطوح اجرای محدودیت سرعت و نوشیدن قوانین رانندگی و عوامل مرتبط با آن؟ تجزیه و تحلیل تجربی اکتشافی با استفاده از یک مدل پروبیت دوبعدی مرتب شده است
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کلمات کلیدی
قانون محدود سرعت نوشیدن قانون رانندگی؛ اجرای سقوط ترافیک جاده ای؛
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه سایر رشته های مهندسی مهندسی هوافضا
چکیده انگلیسی


- Simultaneous association between drink driving and speeding among fatally injured drivers has been quantified.
- Bivariate ordered probit model is statistically superior compared to univariate counterpart.
- Socioeconomic factors, fatalities and highway agency road safety policies are simultaneously associated with enforcement levels of speed limit and drink driving laws.

The contemporary traffic safety research comprises little information on quantifying the simultaneous association between drink driving and speeding among fatally injured drivers. Potential correlation between driver's drink driving and speeding behavior poses a substantial methodological concern which needs investigation. This study therefore focused on investigating the simultaneous impact of socioeconomic factors, fatalities, vehicle ownership, health services and highway agency road safety policies on enforcement levels of speed limit and drink driving laws. The effectiveness of enforcement levels of speed limit and drink driving laws has been investigated through development of bivariate ordered probit model using data extricated from WHO's global status report on road safety in 2013. The consistent and intuitive parameter estimates along with statistically significant correlation between response outcomes validates the statistical supremacy of bivariate ordered probit model. The results revealed that fatalities per thousand registered vehicles, hospital beds per hundred thousand population and road safety policies are associated with a likely medium or high effectiveness of enforcement levels of speed limit and drink driving laws, respectively. Also, the model encapsulates the effect of several other agency related variables and socio-economic status on the response outcomes. Marginal effects are reported for analyzing the impact of such factors on intermediate categories of response outcomes. The results of this study are expected to provide necessary insights to elemental enforcement programs. Also, marginal effects of explanatory variables may provide useful directions for formulating effective policy countermeasures for overcoming driver's speeding and drink driving behavior.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition) - Volume 4, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages 272-279
نویسندگان
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