|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4933013||1433787||2018||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Iraq- and Afghanistan-era veterans generally endorse high rates of alcohol misuse.
- Instead of dichotomizing alcohol use, this study explores moderate use in veterans.
- A random sample of mid-Atlantic veterans received an anonymous self-report survey.
- Non-drinkers/hazardous drinkers had worse self-rated health than moderate drinkers.
- Moderate drinkers also had lower rates of probable depression and PTSD.
Alcohol misuse is associated with negative mental and physical health outcomes, which presents a public health concern in veterans. However, less is known regarding outcomes among veterans with low to moderate alcohol consumption. This study included veterans with military service in Iraq and/or Afghanistan (N = 1083) who resided in the VA Mid-Atlantic region catchment area (North Carolina, Virginia, and parts of West Virginia). Participants completed a mailed survey that inquired about demographics, past-year alcohol consumption, self-rated physical health, and psychiatric symptoms. Logistic regression was used to evaluate associations between alcohol consumption and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and self-rated physical health. In both bivariate results and adjusted models, non-drinkers and hazardous drinkers were more likely to endorse clinically significant PTSD and depression symptoms than moderate drinkers. Moderate drinkers were also less likely to report fair/poor health, after adjusting for demographics and psychiatric symptoms. Results overall showed a U-shaped curve, such that moderate alcohol use was associated with lower rates of mental health problems and fair/poor health. While the VA routinely screens for alcohol misuse, current results suggest that non-drinkers are also at risk for poor mental and physical health.
Journal: Psychiatry Research - Volume 259, January 2018, Pages 142-147