کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4938169 1363636 2018 8 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Children’s sports participation and self-regulation: Bi-directional longitudinal associations
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
مشارکت ورزشی و تنظیم خودسری در کودکان: دوچرخه سواری دو طرفه
کلمات کلیدی
خود تنظیم ورزش؛ مشارکت ورزشی؛ فعالیت بدنی؛ اوایل کودکی؛ پیش دبستانی؛
Self-regulation; Sport; Sports participation; Physical activity; Early childhood; Preschool;
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم انسانی و اجتماعی روانشناسی روان شناسی کاربردی
چکیده انگلیسی

•We investigate bidirectional longitudinal associations for sport and self-regulation.•Children who played individual sports at age 4 showed better self-regulation at 6.•There was no association of team sports at age 4 with self-regulation at age 6.•Children with low self-regulation were less likely to participate in sports.•Findings support bidirectional associations between early sport and self-regulation.

Early self-regulation is essential to positive life outcomes and sports are speculated to generate self-regulatory improvements. Preliminary research supports this assertion, showing some sports might yield short-term self-regulatory improvements and elite athletes tend to excel in cognitive functions underlying self-regulation. What remains unclear is whether sports improve self-regulation or better self-regulators engage in sport. We investigated whether sport participation in early childhood (4–5 years) predicted change in children’s self-regulation two years later; and early self-regulation (4–5 years) predicted change in sports participation two years later. Data were drawn from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, which consisted of 4385 children with valid sports participation data at age 4–5 years. Self-regulation was indexed by parent-, teacher-, and observer-report data. Results indicated that young children who participated in individual sports demonstrated marginally but significantly higher self-regulation than those who did not participate. Participation in team sports did not predict change in self-regulation. Moreover, children with poor self-regulation were less likely to participate in sports. The findings provide partial support for hypotheses of bidirectional associations between sport participation and self-regulation in young children.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Early Childhood Research Quarterly - Volume 42, 1st Quarter 2018, Pages 140-147
نویسندگان
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