|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4952988||1364507||2017||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- The purpose of this paper is achieving lower soil stresses through changing the isolated footing shape will consequently reduce the expected settlements and the footing stresses resulting from differential settlements.
- Experimental and numerical studies are perform using five (5) quarter scale footings of which one (1) footing of flat shape as a reference sample and four (4) footings are of folded shape by a folding angles of 10, 20, 30, and 40 degrees with the horizontal.
- The most effective and preferable value of the folding angle (?), is equal to 30 degrees.
- Good agreement is reached between the experimental and numerical results. Results showed that the maximum tensile stresses in steel bars decreased by about 48% for folded isolated footing case when compared with conventional flat ones
Folded foundations have been used as an alternative to the conventional flat shallow foundations, in situations involving heavy loads or weak soils. They can be geometrically shaped in many forms especially for isolated footings. The purpose of this paper is introducing an alternative foundation shape that reduces the cost of foundations by reducing the amount of reinforcing steel by minimizing or even eliminating the tension zones in the folded isolated footings. Also, achieving lower soil stresses through changing the isolated footing shape will consequently reduce the expected settlements and the footing stresses. Experimental and numerical studies are performed on five (5) quarter scale footings of which one (1) footing of flat shape is tested as a reference sample and four (4) footings are of folded shape by folding angles of 10Â°, 20Â°, 30Â°, and 40Â° with the horizontal. Results showed that the folded isolated footings achieve economic design by decreasing the quantities of reinforcement. It also induced less soil settlements, and stresses. In addition, the tensile stresses in the reinforced concrete footing body are also less in folded isolated footings than the flat one. Results show that the folded isolated footing have a better load carrying capacity when compared with the conventional slab/flat footing of similar cross sectional area for both cases of experimental and numerical analysis.
Journal: Journal of Computational Design and Engineering - Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages 150-157