|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4981067||1367850||2018||10 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود رایگان|
â¢Behaviorally trained citizens are more self-protective than merely informed ones.â¢Behavioral training increases perceived response-efficacy.â¢Response-efficacy is asÂ a mediator between training method and self-protectiveness.â¢Appropriate risk communication tools are crucial in enhancing self-protectiveness.
This study contributes to our knowledge of whether and why citizens engage in self-protective behavior with regard to a real-life risk (the transportation of chemical substances by train). We assume that the way in which relevant risk information is processed, actively vs. passively, is a crucial factor. We hypothesize that behavioral training on self-protectiveness (the active approach) will increase respondentsâ perceived feasibility (self-efficacy) and the expected usefulness (response-efficacy) of risk-mitigating options to a larger extent than the passive approach (merely read about it). We subsequently propose that behaviorally trained participants will show more self-protectiveness than merely informed participants. Both groups are also compared to an uninformed control group.First, a behavioral-training-effectiveness-study was conducted in order to explore whether the training developed led to an increase in participantsâ efficacy beliefs and self-protectiveness (NÂ =Â 47). Second, in our main study we took a random sample from the town's population (NÂ =Â 614) and tested if the instructional method (behavioral training vs. information only vs. no information) is a predictor of efficacy beliefs and self-protectiveness.As expected, the instructional method used and the level of perceived response-efficacy positively influence self-protectiveness. Behaviorally trained respondents perceived risk mitigating options as more useful and showed more self-protectiveness than merely informed and uninformed participants. Furthermore, response-efficacy turned out to be a partial mediator between instructional method and self-protectiveness. Self-efficacy did not significantly predict self-protectiveness in this study.This study demonstrates that using appropriate risk communication tools is crucial in order to increase self-protective behavior of citizens.
Journal: Safety Science - Volume 101, January 2018, Pages 1-10