کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4981067 1367850 2018 10 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Making it stick: Exploring the effects of information and behavioral training on self-protectiveness of citizens in a real-life safety setting
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
Making it stick: بررسی اثرات اطلاعات و آموزش رفتاری بر خودمحافظتی شهروندان در یک محیط امنیتی واقعی
کلمات کلیدی
خطر واقعی زندگی؛ آموزش رفتاری؛ اعتقادات اثربخشی؛ رفتار خودكارآمد؛
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی بهداشت و امنیت شیمی
چکیده انگلیسی

•Behaviorally trained citizens are more self-protective than merely informed ones.•Behavioral training increases perceived response-efficacy.•Response-efficacy is as a mediator between training method and self-protectiveness.•Appropriate risk communication tools are crucial in enhancing self-protectiveness.

This study contributes to our knowledge of whether and why citizens engage in self-protective behavior with regard to a real-life risk (the transportation of chemical substances by train). We assume that the way in which relevant risk information is processed, actively vs. passively, is a crucial factor. We hypothesize that behavioral training on self-protectiveness (the active approach) will increase respondents’ perceived feasibility (self-efficacy) and the expected usefulness (response-efficacy) of risk-mitigating options to a larger extent than the passive approach (merely read about it). We subsequently propose that behaviorally trained participants will show more self-protectiveness than merely informed participants. Both groups are also compared to an uninformed control group.First, a behavioral-training-effectiveness-study was conducted in order to explore whether the training developed led to an increase in participants’ efficacy beliefs and self-protectiveness (N = 47). Second, in our main study we took a random sample from the town's population (N = 614) and tested if the instructional method (behavioral training vs. information only vs. no information) is a predictor of efficacy beliefs and self-protectiveness.As expected, the instructional method used and the level of perceived response-efficacy positively influence self-protectiveness. Behaviorally trained respondents perceived risk mitigating options as more useful and showed more self-protectiveness than merely informed and uninformed participants. Furthermore, response-efficacy turned out to be a partial mediator between instructional method and self-protectiveness. Self-efficacy did not significantly predict self-protectiveness in this study.This study demonstrates that using appropriate risk communication tools is crucial in order to increase self-protective behavior of citizens.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Safety Science - Volume 101, January 2018, Pages 1-10
نویسندگان
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