کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4981084 1367850 2018 7 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Factors associated with crewmember survival of cold water immersion due to commercial fishing vessel sinkings in Alaska
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
عوامل مرتبط با بقای خدمه کشتی غوطه ور در آب سرد به علت فرورفتگى کشتی ماهیگیری تجاری در آلاسکا
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی بهداشت و امنیت شیمی
چکیده انگلیسی

•90% of crewmembers on fishing vessels that sank in Alaska during 2000–2014 survived.•Use of immersion suits and life rafts significantly improved the odds of survival.•Crewmembers need access to well-maintained lifesaving equipment and skills for use.

Occupational fatality surveillance has identified that fishing vessel disasters, such as sinkings and capsizings, continue to contribute to the most deaths among crewmembers in the US fishing industry. When a fishing vessel sinks at sea, crewmembers are at risk of immersion in water and subsequent drowning. This study examined survival factors for crewmembers following cold water immersion after the sinking of decked commercial fishing vessels in Alaskan waters during 2000–2014. Two immersion scenarios were considered separately: immersion for any length of time, and long-term immersion defined as immersion lasting over 30 min. Logistic regression was used to predict the odds of crewmember survival. Of the 617 crewmembers onboard 187 fishing vessels that sank in Alaska during 2000–2014, 557 (90.3%) survived and 60 died. For crewmembers immersed for any length of time, the significant adjusted predictors of survival were: entering a life-raft, sinking within three miles of shore, the sinking not being weather-related, and working as a deckhand. For crewmembers immersed for over 30 min, the significant adjusted predictors of survival were: wearing an immersion suit, entering a life-raft, working as a deckhand, and the sinking not being weather-related. The results of this analysis demonstrate that in situations where cold water immersion becomes inevitable, having access to well-maintained, serviceable lifesaving equipment and the knowledge and skills to use it properly are critical.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Safety Science - Volume 101, January 2018, Pages 190-196
نویسندگان
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