کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4981094 1367850 2018 6 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
A practical tool for estimating compulsory OHS costs of residential building construction projects in Turkey
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
ابزار عملی برای برآورد هزینه های اجباری OHS پروژه های ساختمانی مسکونی در ترکیه
کلمات کلیدی
هزینه ایمنی؛ برنامه ریزی؛ ارزیابی ریسک؛ صنعت ساخت و ساز؛
Safety cost; Scheduling; Risk assessment; Construction industry;
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی بهداشت و امنیت شیمی
چکیده انگلیسی

•The study focuses on compulsory safety investments of construction projects.•An extensive literature review on specific safety risks and measures to prevent them.•These safety parameters are then incorporated into a computer program.•The program enables a better understanding of safety costs of a construction project.•The efficacy of the developed computer program is tested on a construction project.•The percentage of compulsory OHS costs to the direct construction costs is found to be 5.15%.•OHS cost per unit area is found to be approximately 8.47 USD/m2.•A considerable reduction is obtained in the social costs on construction.•Investments on training is the largest compulsory safety investment with its 38.50% ratio.•The desired level of safety culture cannot be attained without sufficient time spent on training.

Construction industry is playing the most important role in the economic development not only in Turkey, but also in all developing countries. Turkish construction industry has reached its climax in the last 20 years with 7.4% share in total employment and 11.5% growth in terms of GNP in recent years. Parallel to this growth, there has been an increase in the number of occupational accidents in Turkish construction industry as well. Small or middle scale residential projects have a big share in the industry and majority of fatal accidents usually occur on such work sites. This study focuses on compulsory investments of small or middle scale residential building construction projects such as safety staffing costs on-site, formal safety training courses, PPE, safety facilities and fee for laboratory examinations in employment procedures of workers. Based on these subcomponents of OHS measures, an extensive literature review has been made to single out specific risks and the measures to prevent those risks. These specific parameters are then incorporated into an existing computer program, which had been originally designed to calculate direct construction costs only. By calculating and making a budget for the cost of prevention at the beginning of construction projects, it provides a better understanding of safety costs during a building construction project implementation. Thus, it helps efforts to reduce loss of workers’ life and the mitigation of safety costs arising from severe injuries, fatalities, administrative procedures, legal obligations and litigation costs and expenses. The efficacy of the developed computer program is also tested on a construction project. The results reveal that the percentage of compulsory OHS costs to the direct construction costs is 5.15%, and OHS cost per unit area is approximately 8.47 USD/m2.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Safety Science - Volume 101, January 2018, Pages 326-331
نویسندگان
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