کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5039863 1370380 2018 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Using virtual environments to investigate wayfinding in 8- to 12-year-olds and adults
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
استفاده از محیط های مجازی برای بررسی پیدا کردن مسیر در کودکان 8 تا 12 ساله و بزرگسالان
کلمات کلیدی
پیدا کردن مسیر؛ آموزش مسیر؛ محیط مجازی؛ نشانه ها؛ شناخت فضایی؛ جهت یابی؛
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم انسانی و اجتماعی روانشناسی روانشناسی رشد و آموزشی
چکیده انگلیسی


- The ability to learn a 12 turn route in a virtual environment was assessed.
- Nearly all of the younger children successfully learnt the route.
- Most adults and older children successfully retraced the route error free.

Wayfinding is the ability to learn and recall a route through an environment. Theories of wayfinding suggest that for children to learn a route successfully, they must have repeated experience of it, but in this experiment we investigated whether children could learn a route after only a single experience of the route. A total of 80 participants from the United Kingdom in four groups of 20 8-year-olds, 10-year-olds, 12-year-olds, and adults were shown a route through a 12-turn maze in a virtual environment. At each junction, there was a unique object that could be used as a landmark. Participants were “walked” along the route just once (without any verbal prompts) and then were asked to retrace the route from the start without any help. Nearly three quarters of the 12-year-olds, half of the 10-year-olds, and a third of the 8-year-olds retraced the route without any errors the first time they traveled it on their own. This finding suggests that many young children can learn routes, even with as many as 12 turns, very quickly and without the need for repeated experience. The implications for theories of wayfinding that emphasize the need for extensive experience are discussed.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - Volume 166, February 2018, Pages 178-189
نویسندگان
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