کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5041398 1370458 2018 18 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Human infants’ understanding of social imitation: Inferences of affiliation from third party observations
کلمات کلیدی
Imitation; Infancy; Social cognition;
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی علوم اعصاب شناختی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Human infants’ understanding of social imitation: Inferences of affiliation from third party observations
چکیده انگلیسی

•Infants expect imitators to approach and affiliate with those who they imitated.•This suggests infants attach social significance to imitation before 6 months of age.•Infants did not expect targets of imitation to similarly affiliate with imitators.•The asymmetry shows young infants can track individuals’ roles in social interaction.

Imitation is ubiquitous in positive social interactions. For adult and child observers, it also supports inferences about the participants in such interactions and their social relationships, but the origins of these inferences are obscure. Do infants attach social significance to this form of interaction? Here we test 4- to 5.5-month-old infants’ interpretation of imitation, asking if the imitative interactions they observe support inferences of social affiliation, across 10 experimental conditions that varied the modality of the imitation (movement vs. sound), the roles of specific characters (imitators vs. targets), the number of characters in the displays (3 vs. 5), and the number of parties initiating affiliative test events (1 vs. 2). These experiments, together with one experiment conducted with 12-month-old infants, yielded three main findings. First, infants expect that characters who engaged in imitation will approach and affiliate with the characters whom they imitated. Second, infants show no evidence of expecting that characters who were targets of imitation will approach and affiliate with their imitators. Third, analyzing imitative interactions is difficult for young infants, whose expectations vary in strength depending on the number of characters to be tracked and the number of affiliative actors to be compared. These findings have implications for our understanding of social imitation, and they provide methods for advancing understanding of other aspects of early social cognitive development.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Cognition - Volume 170, January 2018, Pages 31-48
نویسندگان
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