کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5041401 1370458 2018 7 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Reasoning strategies modulate gender differences in emotion processing
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
استراتژی های استدلال، تغییرات جنسیتی در پردازش احساسات را تعدیل می کنند
کلمات کلیدی
استدلال هیجانی؛ فرآیند دوگانه؛ استراتژی استدلال؛ تفاوت های جنسیتی؛
Reasoning; Emotion; Dual process; Reasoning strategy; Gender differences;
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی علوم اعصاب شناختی
چکیده انگلیسی

The dual strategy model of reasoning has proposed that people’s reasoning can be understood as a combination of two different ways of processing information related to problem premises: a counterexample strategy that examines information for explicit potential counterexamples and a statistical strategy that uses associative access to generate a likelihood estimate of putative conclusions. Previous studies have examined this model in the context of basic conditional reasoning tasks. However, the information processing distinction that underlies the dual strategy model can be seen as a basic description of differences in reasoning (similar to that described by many general dual process models of reasoning). In two studies, we examine how these differences in reasoning strategy may relate to processing very different information, specifically we focus on previously observed gender differences in processing negative emotions. Study 1 examined the intensity of emotional reactions to a film clip inducing primarily negative emotions. Study 2 examined the speed at which participants determine the emotional valence of sequences of negative images. In both studies, no gender differences were observed among participants using a counterexample strategy. Among participants using a statistical strategy, females produce significantly stronger emotional reactions than males (in Study 1) and were faster to recognize the valence of negative images than were males (in Study 2). Results show that the processing distinction underlying the dual strategy model of reasoning generalizes to the processing of emotions.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Cognition - Volume 170, January 2018, Pages 76-82
نویسندگان
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