کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5041403 1370458 2018 7 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Is utilitarian sacrifice becoming more morally permissible?
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
آیا فداکاری بهره بردارانه از لحاظ اخلاقی مجاز است؟
کلمات کلیدی
معضلات اخلاقی؛ اثر کوهورت؛ پیری سودآور بودن؛
Moral dilemmas; Cohort effect; Aging; Utilitarianism;
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی علوم اعصاب شناختی
چکیده انگلیسی

A central tenet of contemporary moral psychology is that people typically reject active forms of utilitarian sacrifice. Yet, evidence for secularization and declining empathic concern in recent decades suggests the possibility of systematic change in this attitude. In the present study, we employ hypothetical dilemmas to investigate whether judgments of utilitarian sacrifice are becoming more permissive over time. In a cross-sectional design, age negatively predicted utilitarian moral judgment (Study 1). To examine whether this pattern reflected processes of maturation, we asked a panel to re-evaluate several moral dilemmas after an eight-year interval but observed no overall change (Study 2). In contrast, a more recent age-matched sample revealed greater endorsement of utilitarian sacrifice in a time-lag design (Study 3). Taken together, these results suggest that today’s younger cohorts increasingly endorse a utilitarian resolution of sacrificial moral dilemmas.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Cognition - Volume 170, January 2018, Pages 95-101
نویسندگان
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