کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5041412 1370458 2018 11 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Where do spontaneous first impressions of faces come from?
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
از کجا می توان اولین برداشت های صورت خود را از چهره برداشت؟
کلمات کلیدی
تصورات اول؛ چهره ها؛ صفات؛ یادگیری فرهنگی؛ امانت؛ رشد کودک؛
First impressions; Faces; Traits; Cultural learning; Trustworthiness; Child development;
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی علوم اعصاب شناختی
چکیده انگلیسی

Humans spontaneously attribute a wide range of traits to strangers based solely on their facial features. These first impressions are known to exert striking effects on our choices and behaviours. In this paper, we provide a theoretical account of the origins of these spontaneous trait inferences. We describe a novel framework (‘Trait Inference Mapping’) in which trait inferences are products of mappings between locations in ‘face space’ and ‘trait space’. These mappings are acquired during ontogeny and allow excitation of face representations to propagate automatically to associated trait representations. This conceptualization provides a framework within which the relative contribution of ontogenetic experience and genetic inheritance can be considered. Contrary to many existing ideas about the origins of trait inferences, we propose only a limited role for innate mechanisms and natural selection. Instead, our model explains inter-observer consistency by appealing to cultural learning and physiological responses that facilitate or ‘canalise’ particular face-trait mappings. Our TIM framework has both theoretical and substantive implications, and can be extended to trait inferences from non-facial cues to provide a unified account of first impressions.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Cognition - Volume 170, January 2018, Pages 190-200
نویسندگان
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