|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5042481||1370514||2018||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- We examined variability and stability in meanings associated with artifact terms.
- Large, diverse speaker samples made category judgments for household containers.
- Variability was systematically related to age.
- Older and younger adults emphasized traditional versus new materials, respectively.
- Everyday words for artifacts shifted in meaning within a short time span.
Considerable stability of the meanings associated with concrete nouns is arguably important for their effective use. On the other hand, variability is observed across time, individuals, and communicative contexts. This study examined the balance between stability and flexibility in meanings of common, basic level artifact nouns by evaluating speaker differences in their use asÂ a function of age, education, and gender. Diverse samples of monolingual Dutch- (NÂ âÂ 400) and French-speaking (NÂ âÂ 300) Belgian adults made lexical category judgments for pictures of storage containers. Mixture IRT-analyses revealed the presence of latent groups of categorizers related to age but not gender or education in each language. In both languages, older adults relied more on traditional materials such as glass or cardboard in their judgments, whereas younger adults emphasized relatively new materials such as plastics. This generational difference demonstrates how elements of word meaning can shift over the short-term, linking individual to larger scale variation and providing the foundation for meaning evolution over time.
Journal: Journal of Memory and Language - Volume 98, February 2018, Pages 12-25