کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5042485 1370514 2018 16 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Allophones, not phonemes in spoken-word recognition☆
کلمات کلیدی
Spoken-word recognition; Phonemes; Allophones; Pre-lexical representations; Selective adaptation;
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی علوم اعصاب شناختی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Allophones, not phonemes in spoken-word recognition☆
چکیده انگلیسی

•Pre-lexical representations in speech perception were probed with selective adaptation.•Allophonic and phoneme overlap between adaptors and test stimuli were varied.•Only allophonic overlap led to selective adaptation.•Results argue for the use of allophones and not phonemes in speech perception.

What are the phonological representations that listeners use to map information about the segmental content of speech onto the mental lexicon during spoken-word recognition? Recent evidence from perceptual-learning paradigms seems to support (context-dependent) allophones as the basic representational units in spoken-word recognition. But recent evidence from a selective-adaptation paradigm seems to suggest that context-independent phonemes also play a role. We present three experiments using selective adaptation that constitute strong tests of these representational hypotheses. In Experiment 1, we tested generalization of selective adaptation using different allophones of Dutch /r/ and /l/ – a case where generalization has not been found with perceptual learning. In Experiments 2 and 3, we tested generalization of selective adaptation using German back fricatives in which allophonic and phonemic identity were varied orthogonally. In all three experiments, selective adaptation was observed only if adaptors and test stimuli shared allophones. Phonemic identity, in contrast, was neither necessary nor sufficient for generalization of selective adaptation to occur. These findings and other recent data using the perceptual-learning paradigm suggest that pre-lexical processing during spoken-word recognition is based on allophones, and not on context-independent phonemes.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Memory and Language - Volume 98, February 2018, Pages 77-92
نویسندگان
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