کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5124447 1378443 2017 5 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
The Influence of Native Language on Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Vocal Samples Completed by Brazilian and Canadian SLPs
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تأثیر زبان مادری در ارزیابی شنوایی و ادراکی نمونه های آوازی که توسط SLP های برزیلی و کانادایی انجام می شود
کلمات کلیدی
صدا؛ ادراک شنوایی؛ دیسفونیا؛ آسیب شناسی گفتار زبان؛ اختلالات صدا؛
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی بیماری های گوش و جراحی پلاستیک صورت
چکیده انگلیسی

SummaryObjectiveThis study aimed to determine the influence of native language on the auditory-perceptual assessment of voice, as completed by Brazilian and Anglo-Canadian listeners using Brazilian vocal samples and the grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain (GRBAS) scale.Study designThis is an analytical, observational, comparative, and transversal study conducted at the Speech Language Pathology Department of the Federal University of Minas Gerais in Brazil, and at the Communication Sciences and Disorders Department of the University of Alberta in Canada.MethodsThe GRBAS scale, connected speech, and a sustained vowel were used in this study. The vocal samples were drawn randomly from a database of recorded speech of Brazilian adults, some with healthy voices and some with voice disorders. The database is housed at the Federal University of Minas Gerais. Forty-six samples of connected speech (recitation of days of the week), produced by 35 women and 11 men, and 46 samples of the sustained vowel /a/, produced by 37 women and 9 men, were used in this study. The listeners were divided into two groups of three speech therapists, according to nationality: Brazilian or Anglo-Canadian. The groups were matched according to the years of professional experience of participants. The weighted kappa was used to calculate the intra- and inter-rater agreements, with 95% confidence intervals, respectively.ResultsAn analysis of the intra-rater agreement showed that Brazilians and Canadians had similar results in auditory-perceptual evaluation of sustained vowel and connected speech. The results of the inter-rater agreement of connected speech and sustained vowel indicated that Brazilians and Canadians had, respectively, moderate agreement on the overall severity (0.57 and 0.50), breathiness (0.45 and 0.45), and asthenia (0.50 and 0.46); poor correlation on roughness (0.19 and 0.007); and weak correlation on strain to connected speech (0.22), and moderate correlation to sustained vowel (0.50).ConclusionIn general, auditory-perceptual evaluation is not influenced by the native language on most dimensions of the perceptual parameters of the GRBAS scale.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Voice - Volume 31, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages 258.e1-258.e5
نویسندگان
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