کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5477711 1521569 2017 4 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Activity concentration measurements of selected radionuclides in seals from Canadian Arctic
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
اندازه گیری غلظت فعالیت رادیونوکلئید های انتخاب شده در مهر و موم از قطب شمال کانادا
کلمات کلیدی
رادیو اکتیوهای طبیعی، سزیم رادیواکتیو، ماهی دریایی،
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی هسته ای و مهندسی
چکیده انگلیسی
The activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides (such as 226Ra, 210Pb and 210Po) and long lived 137Cs were measured in a total of 119 tissue samples (43 blubber, 43 liver, and 33 muscle samples) from 40 ringed seals and 4 bearded seals collected in the Arviat area of Canada during the fall of 2014. Activity concentration of 210Po was measured in all seal liver and muscle samples individually. The average 210Po activity concentrations were 25 ± 7.6 Bq/kg fresh weight (fw) in muscle and 211 ± 58 Bq/kg fw in liver for ringed seals, and 20 ± 6.1 Bq/kg fw in muscle and 231 ± 150 Bq/kg fw in liver for bearded seals. Due to insufficient sample material for most samples collected, gamma counting for radioactive caesium and radiochemical analysis for 226Ra and 210Pb were performed for pooled samples. Activity concentrations of 210Pb and 226Ra were generally below detection limits. While 134Cs activity concentration was not detectable, 137Cs activity concentration was detected in muscle and liver samples. On average, the 137Cs activity concentrations were 0.25 ± 0.05 and 0.12 ± 0.04 Bq/kg fw in muscle and liver samples of ringed seals, and 0.11 ± 0.02 and 0.10 ± 0.03 Bq/kg fw in muscle and liver samples of bearded seals, respectively. Neither 210Po nor 137Cs were detected in the blubber samples. This study confirmed that 210Po is the dominant contributor to radiation doses resulting from seal consumption. Man-made contaminant 137Cs only contributes less than 0.01% of the total ingestion dose obtained from Arviat seals.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity - Volumes 169–170, April 2017, Pages 48-55
نویسندگان
, , , , ,