|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5523380||1546074||2017||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Flash-freezing affects neutral comet measures regardless of storage temperature.
- Comet measures after flash-freezing may not be related with reduced fertility, as SCSA values were within normal limits.
- Intra- and inter-assay variabilities were low (<10%) for comet assay.
- Comet tail measures were more variable than comet head measures among stallions.
- Comet tail measures were negatively correlated to % morphologically normal sperm and to % abnormal sperm heads.
The effect of flash-freezing storage temperature on stallion sperm DNA has not been evaluated. Commonly, sperm are flash-frozen at various temperatures to preserve sperm DNA prior to analysis. It is unclear whether the temperature at which sperm are frozen and stored may affect the results of DNA assays. In this study, the neutral comet assay was used to evaluate the effect of flash-freezing storage temperature (freezer [-60Â Â°C], dry ice [-78.5Â Â°C], liquid nitrogen [-196Â Â°C]) compared to fresh sperm DNA structure. In addition, intra- and inter-assay and intra- and inter-stallion variabilities were determined. All comet tail measures were higher following any flash-freezing method, as compared to fresh sperm DNA (PÂ <Â 0.05), with no difference among flash-frozen treatments (PÂ >Â 0.05). For most comet variables, intra- and inter-assay variabilities were <10%. Intra- and inter-stallion variabilities revealed that comet head length (HL) and width (CW) were less variable as compared to comet tail values, i.e., % comet tail DNA (T-DNA), tail length (TL), tail moment (OTM), and tail migration (TM). Certain comet tail values in fresh (% T-DNA, and OTM) and flash-frozen sperm (OTM, % T-DNA, TL, and TM) were correlated to the Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA) variable, COMP-Î±t. The comet tail measures were negatively correlated to % morphologically normal sperm (PÂ <Â 0.05) and positively correlated to % abnormal heads and premature germ cells (PÂ <Â 0.05). Variables COMP-Î±t and % total sperm motility were not correlated to any morphologic sperm feature in this group of stallions (PÂ >Â 0.05). While significant differences in the structure of the sperm DNA were identified in the flash-frozen as compared to the fresh sperm DNA with the neutral comet assay, it cannot be assumed that these changes are fertility limiting.
Journal: Theriogenology - Volume 95, June 2017, Pages 113-117