|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5549258||1556683||2017||4 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
BackgroundMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a common cause of skin and soft-tissue infection worldwide. An adequate immune response acts as a first line of defence against infections and therefore plays an essential role in the maintenance of health. Tocotrienols (T3s), the lesser known isomers of vitamin E, possess many biological properties and have been recognized as immunomodulators.PurposeThe aim of this study was to investigate whether the in vivo supplementation with a mixture of 87.1% Î´- and 12.9% Î³-T3s extract from seeds of Bixa orellana, (T3s) could be effective in increasing the effect of daptomycin (DAP) in a mouse model of wound infection due to MRSA.Study design/methodsBacteria were inoculated onto full-thickness wound on the dorsal side of BALB/c mice at 5â¯Ãâ¯106Â CFU per mouse. Mice were randomized into five groups: an uninfected group, an infected-untreated group, a T3s-pretreated group with no antibiotics given after challenge, a T3s-pretreated group plus DAP given after challenge, a group only given DAP after challenge. Main outcome measures were: bacterial load on the wounds, analysis of Natural Killer (NK) cytotoxicity, immunological phenotype and markers of tissue repair.ResultsOur results showed that bacterial load in wounds from mice receiving T3s or DAP alone was 1- or 3-log10 lower, respectively, compared with the infected-untreated group. T3s plus daptomycin showed the highest efficacy, achieving a 4-log10 decrease in bacterial load. This higher antimicrobial effect was associated with increased levels of NK cytotoxicity and markers of wound repair.ConclusionThese data suggest that treatment with T3s may be useful for the management of infected wounds as immune adjuvants in combination with DAP.
Journal: Phytomedicine - Volume 36, 1 December 2017, Pages 50-53