|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5549290||1402863||2017||4 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
BackgroundDried leaf Artemisia annua (DLA) has shown efficacy against Plasmodium sp. in rodent studies and in small clinical trials. Rodent malaria also showed resiliency against the evolution of artemisinin drug resistance.PurposeThis is a case report of a last resort treatment of patients with severe malaria who were responding neither to artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) nor i.v. artesunate.Study designOf many patients treated with ACTs and i.v. artesunate during the 6 mon study period, 18 did not respond and were subsequently treated with DLA Artemisia annua.MethodsPatients were given a dose of 0.5Â g DLA per os, twice daily for 5d. Total adult delivered dose of artemisinin was 55Â mg. Dose was reduced for body weight under 30Â kg. Clinical symptoms, e.g. fever, coma etc., and parasite levels in thick blood smears were tracked. Patients were declared cured and released from hospital when parasites were microscopically undetectable and clinical symptoms fully subsided.ResultsAll patients were previously treated with Coartem® provided through Santé Rurale (SANRU) and following the regimen prescribed by WHO. Of 18 ACT-resistant severe malaria cases compassionately treated with DLA, all fully recovered. Of the 18, this report details two pediatric cases.ConclusionsSuccessful treatment of all 18 ACT-resistant cases suggests that DLA should be rapidly incorporated into the antimalarial regimen for Africa and possibly wherever else ACT resistance has emerged.
Of 18 severe malaria cases unresponsive to ACT and iv artesunate, 100% were cured by DLA94
Journal: Phytomedicine - Volume 32, 15 August 2017, Pages 37-40