|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5626939||1579662||2017||3 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- A relation between the IgM index and poor prognosis was detected in MS.
- There was a correlation between the IgM index and presence of spinal lesions.
- Higher IgM index was detected in SPMS patients than in RRMS patients.
ObjectivesIntrathecally synthesized IgM can be seen not only in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in infectious and inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system, but also in that of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Intrathecal IgM synthesis in MS seems to be correlated with an unfavorable disease course. In one cross-sectional study, intrathecal synthesis of IgM (IgM index) was found to be correlated with cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters. The purpose of this study was to determine the possible relationship between the IgM index and MRI and clinical parameters.Patients and methodsEighty-one patients with MS (58 female) undergoing lumbar puncture were included in the study. Fifty-one patients had a relapsing-remitting (RR) disease course, while 30 cases were secondary progressive MS (SPMS). IgM was detected in paired CSF and serum specimens using ELISA. The IgM index was calculated using the formula CSF IgM/serum IgM: CSF albumin/serum albumin. IgM indexes higher than 0.1 were considered “increased”. All patients underwent brain and whole spinal cord MRI.ResultsThe IgM index was normal in 43 of the 81 patients (53.1%) and increased in 38 (46.9%). A significant correlation was determined between the IgM index and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) (rÂ =Â 0.638, pÂ =Â 0.001). Most of the subjects with increased IgM indexes were SPMS patients, 28 having a SPMS course and 10 a RRMS course. Only two patients with SPMS courses had normal IgM indexes. EDSS scores were significantly higher in patients with increased IgM indexes (EDSS 4.3 vs EDSS 2.8, pÂ =Â 0.000). All patients with EDSS >3 had increased IgM indexes. All patients with IgM index values higher than 0.2 IgM had SPMS courses and EDSS >6. Time to onset of the secondary progressive phase of the disease was correlated with IgM index values (pÂ =Â 0.004). IgM index values were also correlated with T1 hypointense lesions (rÂ =Â 0.0431, pÂ =Â 0.008) and Gd enhancing lesions (rÂ =Â 0.0396, pÂ =Â 0.006). Patients with increased IgM indexes also had more spinal lesions (pÂ =Â 0.000). No relation was determined between an increased IgM index and an increased IgG index. No relation was determined with IgG oligoclonal band positivity. No correlation was also observed between IgM index and IgG index values.ConclusionAccording to our findings, intrathecal IgM synthesis is associated with a worse long-term prognosis. It also correlates with a higher relapse rate, greater disability, and worse MRI outcomes. Early observation of increased IgM index values will be a helpful tool for clinicians in selecting patients for early immunomodulatory or immunosuppressant treatments.
Journal: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery - Volume 160, September 2017, Pages 27-29