کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5627334 1406346 2017 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Selective attentional impairment in chronic tinnitus: Evidence from an event-related potentials study
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی عصب شناسی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Selective attentional impairment in chronic tinnitus: Evidence from an event-related potentials study
چکیده انگلیسی


- Attentional dysfunction as frequently reported in chronic tinnitus was tested with a P300 novelty task.
- P3a amplitude was significantly lower in tinnitus subjects than in controls.
- Tinnitus is related to a specific impairment in attentional switching to salient events.

ObjectiveTinnitus is an auditory phantom sensation experienced in the absence of a sound source. Cognitive dysfunctions, especially in working memory and attention, are frequently reported to be associated with tinnitus. The aim of this study was to investigate attentional functioning in a group of subjects with chronic tinnitus using ERPs, and in particular the P300 components.MethodsWe studied 20 patients with chronic tinnitus and 20 healthy subjects that performed a P300 Novelty task.ResultsP3a amplitude was significantly lower in tinnitus subjects than in controls. P3a latency was comparable in patients and controls. The P3b parameters were similar in the two groups. N1 latency for all the stimuli was significantly longer in tinnitus subjects than in controls.ConclusionThese results point to a general slowing in early stimulus perception in tinnitus subjects. Moreover, a specific difficulty emerged in attentional switching to unexpected events during an orienting response, probably owing to a dysfunction in the ventral attention network.SignificancePsychophysiological approach reveals selective attentional impairment and could provide useful data for rehabilitative strategies in chronic tinnitus.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Clinical Neurophysiology - Volume 128, Issue 3, March 2017, Pages 411-417
نویسندگان
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