کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5667186 1407850 2017 3 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Molecular epidemiology of Bordetella pertussis in Cambodia determined by direct genotyping of clinical specimens
کلمات کلیدی
Bordetella pertussis; Cambodia; genotype; multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA); virulence-associated allelic gene;
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری ایمنی شناسی و میکروب شناسی میکروبیولوژی و بیوتکنولوژی کاربردی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Molecular epidemiology of Bordetella pertussis in Cambodia determined by direct genotyping of clinical specimens
چکیده انگلیسی

•Bordetella pertussis in Cambodia was characterized by direct sequencing and MLVA typing.•MT27 and MT29 were the predominant MLVA strain types in Cambodia.•The predominant profile of virulence-associated allelic genes was ptxP3/ptxA1/prn2/fim3A.•The B. pertussis population resembled those of developed countries.

ObjectivesThis study sought to determine the genotypes of circulating Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of pertussis, in Cambodia by direct molecular typing of clinical specimens.MethodsDNA extracts from nasopharyngeal swabs obtained from 82 pertussis patients in 2008–2016 were analyzed by multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA). B. pertussis virulence-associated allelic genes (ptxA, prn, and fim3) and the pertussis toxin promoter ptxP were also investigated by DNA sequence-based typing.ResultsForty-four DNA extracts (54%) yielded a complete MLVA profile, and these were sorted into 8 MLVA types (MT18, MT26, MT27, MT29, MT43, MT72, MT95, and MT200). MT27 and MT29, which are common in developed countries, were the predominant strain types (total 73%). The predominant profile of virulence-associated allelic genes was the combination of ptxP3/ptxA1/prn2/fim3A (48%). MT27 strains were detected during the entire study period, whereas MT29 strains were only found in 2014–2016.ConclusionsThe B. pertussis population in Cambodia, where a whole-cell pertussis vaccine (WCV) has been continuously used, resembled those observed previously in developed countries where acellular pertussis vaccines are used. Circulating B. pertussis strains in Cambodia were distinct from those in other countries using WCVs.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Volume 62, September 2017, Pages 56-58
نویسندگان
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