|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5688673||1409932||2017||6 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود رایگان|
ObjectiveTo assess urologists' knowledge and utilization of family history to determine prostate cancer (PC) screening and treatment recommendations.Materials and MethodsQuestionnaires that explored urologists' knowledge, frequency, and utilization of family history information for screening and treatment recommendations for PC were prospectively collected. Data were summarized and compared using descriptive statistics.ResultsA total of 87 responses were collected, for a response rate of 60% (87 of 145). The majority of urologists reported that they always collect family history when discussing risk (95%) or screening (87%), and recommended earlier screening for men with family history of PC in comparison with men with no family history. Although only 57% reported always collecting family history when discussing treatment, the majority of respondents reported that a positive family history influenced their treatment recommendations. Eight percent of urologists would recommend prostatectomy for men diagnosed with low-grade, low-risk PC and no family history of PC vs 52% who would recommend the same course of treatment when the patient had at least 1 first-degree relative who died of the disease. Conversely, 91% of urologists would recommend active surveillance for men with low-grade, low-risk PC and no family history vs 47% for those with at least 1 first-degree relative who died of the disease.ConclusionThe majority of urologists collect information on family history of PC. Despite the lack of literature to support that patients with familial PC require more aggressive treatment, urologists were more likely to recommend definitive therapies.
Journal: Urology - Volume 99, January 2017, Pages 180-185