کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
572018 877330 2016 6 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
The role of exposure on differences in driver death rates by gender and age: Results of a quasi-induced method on crash data in Spain
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
نقش مواجهه با تفاوت های نرخ مرگ راننده براساس جنسیت و سن: نتایج یک روش شبه القا شده بر داده های تصادف در اسپانیا
کلمات کلیدی
تصادفات؛ مرگ و میر؛ مواجهه شبه القا شده . عوامل جنسیتی؛ عوامل سن؛ اسپانیا
Traffic accidents; Mortality; Quasi-induced exposure; Sex factors; Age factors; Spain
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی بهداشت و امنیت شیمی
چکیده انگلیسی


• Part of the age and gender differences in driver death rates (DDR) depends on the exposure.
• However, direct indicators of exposure are not available in many countries.
• When using quasi-induced exposure methodology an increased adjusted DDR for older drivers were found.
• The increased risk of death for male drivers was reduced when adjusted DDR were used.
• Direct traffic indicators of exposure are needed by sub-groups of drivers.

AimPart of the differences by age and gender in driver death rates from traffic injuries depends on the amount of exposure (km/year travelled). Unfortunately, direct indicators of exposure are not available in many countries. Our aim was to compare the age and gender differences in death rates with and without adjustment by exposure using a quasi-induced exposure approach in Spain, during 2004–2012.MethodsCrude and adjusted death rate ratios (CDRR and ADRR, respectively) were calculated for each age and gender group. To obtain the latter estimates, in accordance with quasi-exposure reasoning, the number of registered drivers was replaced by the number of non-infractor drivers, passively involved in collisions with another vehicle whose driver committed an infraction. 18–29 years and female drivers were chosen as the reference categories for age and gender.ResultsStriking differences were found between CDRR and ADRR estimates. When CDRR were estimated, we found the highest traffic mortality among the youngest drivers, except for females in non-urban roads. ADRR however showed the highest mortality among the oldest groups, especially in females, peaking among drivers >74 years in all types of roads. Regarding differences by gender, both estimates revealed higher traffic mortality in males, although the differences were much smaller when using ADRR. CDRR and ADRR for males tended to converge as age increased.ConclusionsDeath risk from traffic injuries among drivers is clearly influenced by the amount of exposure. These findings further emphasize the need to obtain direct traffic exposure estimates by subgroups of drivers.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Accident Analysis & Prevention - Volume 94, September 2016, Pages 162–167
نویسندگان
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