کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5739460 1615552 2017 4 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Intelligibility in speech maskers with a binaural cochlear implant sound coding strategy inspired by the contralateral medial olivocochlear reflex
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی سیستم های حسی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Intelligibility in speech maskers with a binaural cochlear implant sound coding strategy inspired by the contralateral medial olivocochlear reflex
چکیده انگلیسی


- Benefits of a novel binaural cochlear implant sound-coding strategy are reported.
- The strategy improves intelligibility and spatial masking release in speech interferers.
- For single-sided deaf implant users, benefits occur in unilateral listening.
- For bilateral implant users, benefits occur in unilateral and bilateral listening.
- The strategy holds potential for promising outcomes for implant users.

We have recently proposed a binaural cochlear implant (CI) sound processing strategy inspired by the contralateral medial olivocochlear reflex (the MOC strategy) and shown that it improves intelligibility in steady-state noise (Lopez-Poveda et al., 2016, Ear Hear 37:e138-e148). The aim here was to evaluate possible speech-reception benefits of the MOC strategy for speech maskers, a more natural type of interferer. Speech reception thresholds (SRTs) were measured in six bilateral and two single-sided deaf CI users with the MOC strategy and with a standard (STD) strategy. SRTs were measured in unilateral and bilateral listening conditions, and for target and masker stimuli located at azimuthal angles of (0°, 0°), (−15°, +15°), and (−90°, +90°). Mean SRTs were 2-5 dB better with the MOC than with the STD strategy for spatially separated target and masker sources. For bilateral CI users, the MOC strategy (1) facilitated the intelligibility of speech in competition with spatially separated speech maskers in both unilateral and bilateral listening conditions; and (2) led to an overall improvement in spatial release from masking in the two listening conditions. Insofar as speech is a more natural type of interferer than steady-state noise, the present results suggest that the MOC strategy holds potential for promising outcomes for CI users.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Hearing Research - Volume 348, May 2017, Pages 134-137
نویسندگان
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