|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5767279||1413193||2018||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- ELISAs for gluten are affected by plant proanthocyanidins (PACs), such as those in cacao.
- We developed an extraction buffer by adding polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), which binds PACs.
- Extraction with 1% PVP K15 successfully recovered gluten in cacao products.
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is commonly used to detect trace gluten in foods; however, ELISA for the determination of gluten is affected by matrices from various ingredients, such as plant proanthocyanidins (PACs). In the case of chocolate and other foods containing cacao, we found ELISA methods to be unsuitable for the determination of gluten contamination. The aim of this study was to improve methods for the determination of gluten in foods containing cacao by combining the extraction solution with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), which binds PACs. We optimized the method for gluten determination in cacao-containing foods using PVP solution, and found that the best extraction method for the detection of gluten in cocoa powder was extraction with 1% PVP K15. This new extraction method can be applied to chocolate contaminated with wheat proteins during the manufacturing process, as well as cacao-containing products spiked with gliadin.
Journal: Food Control - Volume 84, February 2018, Pages 70-74