کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5769209 1413236 2018 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Research PaperDoes salinity modify anatomy and biochemistry of Olea europaea L. fruit during ripening?
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک دانش باغداری
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Research PaperDoes salinity modify anatomy and biochemistry of Olea europaea L. fruit during ripening?
چکیده انگلیسی


- Leccino cultivar was treated from pit hardening to veraison with 60 mM NaCl water.
- Na accumulation occurs in fruit flesh depending on the Maturation Group.
- PAL and DPPH activity increase in salt treated fruit flesh with <50% purple skin.
- Tissues thickening in fruit flesh of salt treated plants was recorded.

The effect of salinity on physiology of olive (Olea europaea L.) fruits was studied using a salt-sensitive genotype (Leccino cv.) able to translocate sodium to the aerial part. Plants were treated with 0 and 60 mM NaCl for 49 days starting from the beginning of pit hardening to veraison. The effects of salt exposure were studied classifying olive in two Maturation Groups: MG1 olives from green skin to <50% purple skin; MG2 olives with purple skin ≥50%.Plants treated with NaCl present a significant reduction of shoot elongation after 35, 42 and 49 days of salt treatment (15%, 18% and 24%, respectively). Na accumulation occurs in fruit flesh depending on the MG: 559 mg kg−1 in MG1 and 397 mg kg−1 in MG2. In general, NaCl does not negatively affect fruit yield parameters while induce an increment of total phenols (58%) and DPPH scavenging activity (15%) in MG1 in comparison with control. Cryo-SEM observations of freeze-fractured fruits revealed that salt treatment induce an increment of cells area and a thickening of cuticle, epidermis, hypodermis and outer mesocarp, that could be considered useful to protect fruits against other biotic and abiotic stress.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Scientia Horticulturae - Volume 228, 26 January 2018, Pages 33-40
نویسندگان
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