|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5769209||1413236||2018||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
- Leccino cultivar was treated from pit hardening to veraison with 60Â mM NaCl water.
- Na accumulation occurs in fruit flesh depending on the Maturation Group.
- PAL and DPPH activity increase in salt treated fruit flesh with <50% purple skin.
- Tissues thickening in fruit flesh of salt treated plants was recorded.
The effect of salinity on physiology of olive (Olea europaea L.) fruits was studied using a salt-sensitive genotype (Leccino cv.) able to translocate sodium to the aerial part. Plants were treated with 0 and 60Â mM NaCl for 49Â days starting from the beginning of pit hardening to veraison. The effects of salt exposure were studied classifying olive in two Maturation Groups: MG1 olives from green skin to <50% purple skin; MG2 olives with purple skin â¥50%.Plants treated with NaCl present a significant reduction of shoot elongation after 35, 42 and 49Â days of salt treatment (15%, 18% and 24%, respectively). Na accumulation occurs in fruit flesh depending on the MG: 559Â mgÂ kgâ1 in MG1 and 397Â mgÂ kgâ1 in MG2. In general, NaCl does not negatively affect fruit yield parameters while induce an increment of total phenols (58%) and DPPH scavenging activity (15%) in MG1 in comparison with control. Cryo-SEM observations of freeze-fractured fruits revealed that salt treatment induce an increment of cells area and a thickening of cuticle, epidermis, hypodermis and outer mesocarp, that could be considered useful to protect fruits against other biotic and abiotic stress.
Journal: Scientia Horticulturae - Volume 228, 26 January 2018, Pages 33-40