|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5769225||1413236||2018||6 صفحه PDF||ندارد||دانلود کنید|
â¢The use of chlamydospores on watermelon inoculation to evaluation of resistance to Wilt Fusarium was efficient.â¢Differents reaction classes of resistance were observed when plants were inoculated by the inoculation method used on present study.â¢Eight watermelon accessions were resistant to Wilt Fusarium by the inoculation in this study.
The present study aimed to evaluate different inoculation methods of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum in watermelon and the reaction of accessions from this crop. Firstly, seven inoculation methods using conidia were tested on the susceptible cultivar Sugar Baby, including the standard dipping method. The methods initially tested were not efficient; therefore, we tested a new methodology using chlamydospores which are fungus survival structures. After the production of chlamydospores in vermiculite enriched with liquid culture media potato and sucrose (PS), the new method was tested on an experiment comparing inoculation by conidia and chlamydospores. For the conidia method, the plants were inoculated after their final leaf formed. For chlamydospores, inoculations were done in plants or sowed seeds. The use of chlamydospores in sowed seeds was effective for the inoculation of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum in watermelon and showed the highest severity scores in relation to the others methods. The inoculation method using chlamydospores also obtained the shortest means of root and shoot length in the cultivars Charleston Gray and Sugar Baby. Thus, using this methodology, 25 accessions from the watermelon germplasm were evaluated 21Â days after inoculation with a grading scale. Eight accessions were classified as resistant, corresponding to 32% of accessions evaluated. Eight other accessions received the highest score of severity, proving the efficiency of the methology to evaluate the reaction to the disease.
Journal: Scientia Horticulturae - Volume 228, 26 January 2018, Pages 181-186