کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
757154 896300 2016 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Biophysical and biotribological aspects of joints functioning and medicamental correction
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه سایر رشته های مهندسی مهندسی پزشکی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Biophysical and biotribological aspects of joints functioning and medicamental correction
چکیده انگلیسی


• intraarticular chondroprotection exercised via local therapeutic methods based on pharmaceutic’s tribological monitoring;
• injection of drugs based on blood serum;
• development of a new generation of articular endoprostheses able to simulate the biophysical properties of synovial joints;
• vivid proof of Kragelskii’s ideas towards biotribology which deals with living tissues and biological fluids.

Modern trends in joint biotribology are presented. The extent of the achievements in this field at the turn of the 21st century is discussed. This period is distinguished by the discovery of liquid-crystalline and quasi-electret states in synovial liquids; ascertainment by AFM of new boundary lubrication mechanisms in joints, which are realized at the nanolevel; and development of methods for in vitro study of friction in joints using electromagnetic fields able to simulate the natural articular biofield. A relationship is shown between biotribology and the chief directions in contemporary orthopedics including: intraarticular chondroprotection exercised via local therapeutic methods based on tribological monitoring of pharmaceutic substances; injection of drugs based on blood serum; and development of a new generation of articular endoprostheses able to simulate the biophysical properties of synovial joints. It is shown that progress in modern biotribology has provided scientific substantiation of orthopedic treatment procedures.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Biotribology - Volume 6, June 2016, Pages 29–35
نویسندگان
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