کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
880544 911664 2016 5 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Brief report on a systematic review of youth violence prevention through media campaigns: Does the limited yield of strong evidence imply methodological challenges or absence of effect?
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
گزارش کوتاه در مورد یک بررسی سیستماتیک از پیشگیری از خشونت جوانان از طریق کمپین های رسانه ای: آیا عملکرد محدود شواهد قوی حاکی از چالش های روش شناختی یا عدم وجود اثر است؟
کلمات کلیدی
خشونت جوانان؛ مرور نظام‌مند؛ کمپین های رسانه ای؛ پیشگیری از خشونت
Youth violence; Systematic review; Media campaigns; Violence prevention
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی سیاست های بهداشت و سلامت عمومی
چکیده انگلیسی

BackgroundWe present a brief report on a systematic review which identified, assessed and synthesized the existing evidence of the effectiveness of media campaigns in reducing youth violence.MethodsSearch strategies made use of terms for youth, violence and a range of terms relating to the intervention. An array of academic databases and websites were searched.ResultsAlthough media campaigns to reduce violence are widespread, only six studies met the inclusion criteria. There is little strong evidence to support a direct link between media campaigns and a reduction in youth violence. Several studies measure proxies for violence such as empathy or opinions related to violence, but the link between these measures and violence perpetration is unclear. Nonetheless, some evidence suggests that a targeted and context-specific campaign, especially when combined with other measures, can reduce violence. However, such campaigns are less cost-effective to replicate over large populations than generalised campaigns.ConclusionsIt is unclear whether the paucity of evidence represents a null effect or methodological challenges with evaluating media campaigns. Future studies need to be carefully planned to accommodate for methodological difficulties as well as to identify the specific elements of campaigns that work, especially in lower and middle income countries.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Adolescence - Volume 52, October 2016, Pages 22–26
نویسندگان
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