کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
889737 913964 2016 7 صفحه PDF ندارد دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
Five factors of impulsivity: Unique pathways to borderline and antisocial personality features and subsequent alcohol problems
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
پنج عامل تکانشگری: مسیرهای منحصر به فرد برای ویژگی های شخصیت مرزی و ضداجتماعی و مشکلات متعاقب مربوط به الکل
کلمات کلیدی
تکانشگری؛ ویژگی های شخصیت مرزی؛ ویژگی های شخصیت ضداجتماعی؛ الکل
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی علوم اعصاب رفتاری
چکیده انگلیسی


• We tested a path model of impulsivity, personality features, and alcohol outcomes.
• Impulsivity facets differentially predicted personality psychopathology.
• ASPD, but not BPD features, were significantly associated with alcohol consumption.
• Both ASPD and BPD features significantly predicted alcohol problems.

Impulsivity, a multidimensional behavioral mechanism, commonly preceding externalizing maladaptive behavior and psychopathology, is a diagnostic criterion central to both antisocial and borderline personality disorders (American Psychiatric Association; APA, 2013). This study tested a path model of associations between five facets of impulsivity (negative urgency, positive urgency, lack of premeditation, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking), borderline personality features, antisocial personality features, and two alcohol outcomes (consumption and alcohol-related problems) in a sample of college students (N = 624; 69% female, 31% male) between the ages of 18–25 (M = 19.77, SD = 1.55). The model demonstrated good fit with χ2 (14, N = 624) = 17.48, p = .231; RMSEA = .020 [90% CI: .000–.046]; CFI = .998; SRMR = .019. Negative urgency and (lack of) perseverance predicted borderline personality features. Positive urgency, sensation seeking, (lack of) premeditation, and negative urgency predicted antisocial personality features. Antisocial, but not borderline personality features, were significantly associated with alcohol consumption. However, both antisocial and borderline personality features significantly predicted alcohol problems. Overall, the results demonstrate that impulsivity facets can differentially predict personality psychopathology and illustrate distinct paths to alcohol consumption and problems.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Personality and Individual Differences - Volume 99, September 2016, Pages 313–319
نویسندگان
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