کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8610059 1567113 2018 3 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Digestion and absorption
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
هضم و جذب
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی بیهوشی و پزشکی درد
چکیده انگلیسی
Carbohydrates are digested by salivary and pancreatic amylases to di-, tri- and oligosaccharides, and then to monosaccharides by enzymes on the wall of the small intestine to allow them to be absorbed. Proteins are absorbed as amino acids and small peptides that are broken down to amino acids within the cells. Monosaccharides and amino acids pass into the liver via the portal vein. Fats are digested and absorbed as free fatty acids and glycerides that are then mostly reconstituted as triglycerides in the mucosal cells of the small intestine. They combine with phospholipids and a protein to form chylomicrons, which pass via the lymphatics and the thoracic duct into the systemic circulation. Fatty acids are re-esterified and stored as triglycerides in adipose tissue or oxidized for energy. Water is passively absorbed due to the osmotic gradient that results mainly due to the active absorption of sodium ions.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine - Volume 19, Issue 3, March 2018, Pages 125-127
نویسندگان
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