کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
10158107 1666505 2018 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Pathogen-specific production losses in bovine mastitis
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
ضرر تولید پاتوژن در ماستیت گاو
کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک علوم دامی و جانورشناسی
چکیده انگلیسی
Reduction in long-term milk yields represents a notable share of the economic losses caused by bovine mastitis. Efficient, economic, and safe measures to prevent these losses require knowledge of the causal agent of the disease. The aim of this study was to investigate pathogen-specific impacts of mastitis on milk production of dairy cows. The materials consisted of milk and health recording data and microbiological diagnoses of mastitic quarter milk samples of 20,234 Finnish dairy cows during 2010, 2011, and 2012. The 6 most common udder pathogens were included in the study: Staphylococcus aureus, non-aureus staphylococci (NAS), Escherichia coli, Corynebacterium bovis, Streptococcus uberis, and Streptococcus dysgalactiae. We used a 2-level multilevel model to estimate curves for lactations with and without mastitis. The data on lactation periods to be compared were collected from the same cow. To enable comparison among lactations representing diverse parities, the estimated lactation curves were adjusted to describe the cow's third lactation. Mastitis caused by each pathogen resulted in milk production loss. The extent of the reduction depended on the pathogen, the timing of mastitis during lactation, and the type of mastitis (clinical vs. subclinical). The 2 most commonly detected pathogens were NAS and Staph. aureus. Escherichia coli clinical mastitis diagnosed before peak lactation caused the largest loss, 10.6% of the 305-d milk yield (3.5 kg/d). The corresponding loss for Staph. aureus mastitis was 7.1% (2.3 kg/d). In Staph. aureus mastitis diagnosed between 54 and 120 d in milk, the loss was 4.3% (1.4 kg/d). The loss was almost equal in both clinical and subclinical mastitis caused by Staph. aureus. Mastitis caused by Strep. uberis and Strep. dysgalactiae resulted in losses ranging from 3.7% (1.2 kg/d) to 6.6% (2.1 kg/d) depending on type and timing of mastitis. Clinical mastitis caused by the minor pathogens C. bovis and NAS also had a negative effect on milk production: 7.4% (2.4 kg/d) in C. bovis and 5.7% (1.8 kg/d) in NAS when both were diagnosed before peak lactation. In conclusion, minor pathogens should not be underestimated as a cause of milk yield reduction. On single dairy farms, control of E. coli mastitis would bring about a significant increase in milk production. Reducing Staph. aureus mastitis is the greatest challenge for the Finnish dairy sector.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Dairy Science - Volume 101, Issue 10, October 2018, Pages 9493-9504
نویسندگان
, , , ,