|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2101423||1546259||2016||4 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
• Steroid-refractory aGVHD remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
• We examined a combination therapy with inolimomab and etanercept for patients with a steroid-refractory aGVHD.
• The combination of inolimomab and etanercept for steroid-refractory aGVHD failed to improve the dismal prognosis of severe steroid-refractory aGVHD.
Steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). A protocol on the management of aGVHD was introduced in our center that incorporated a prospective study on combination therapy with inolimomab (anti-IL-2Rα) and etanercept (anti–tumor necrosis factor-α) for steroid-refractory aGVHD. We evaluated the efficacy and safety in 21 consecutively treated patients. The patients had developed refractory aGVHD after SCT (n = 16) or donor lymphocyte infusion (n = 5), and aGVHD was classified as severe in all patients, mostly due to gastrointestinal involvement stages 2 to 4. No drug-related side effects were observed apart from the infections expected to occur in these severely immunocompromised patients. Overall response at day 28 of second-line therapy was 48% (10/21), with 6 and 4 patients achieving a complete and partial response, respectively. Eventually, 19 patients died (90%), with early mortality (<6 months) predominantly resulting from refractory aGVHD and secondary infections and late mortality resulting from relapse of the underlying disease. With a median follow-up of 55 days, the estimated rates of 6-month and 2-year overall survival were dismal, 29% and 10%, respectively. In conclusion, the combination of inolimomab and etanercept for steroid-refractory aGVHD failed to improve the dismal prognosis of severe steroid-refractory aGVHD.
Journal: - Volume 22, Issue 1, January 2016, Pages 179–182