کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
2401463 1102343 2015 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله
The ancient city of Rome, its empire, and the spread of tuberculosis in Europe
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
شهر باستانی رم، امپراتوری آن و گسترش سل در اروپا
کلمات کلیدی
روم؛ اروپا؛ باستان شناسی؛ دیرین‌آسیب‌شناسی/palaeopathology؛ تاریخ؛ تاریخ پزشکی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری ایمنی شناسی و میکروب شناسی میکروبیولوژی و بیوتکنولوژی کاربردی
چکیده انگلیسی

SummaryThe formation of the Roman Empire constituted an unprecedented joining of Mediterranean and European lands and peoples, centering on the capital of Rome. During the late Roman Republic and early Roman Empire (ca. 200 B.C.–ca. 200 A.D.) urbanization and population growth led to conditions favorable to the spread of tuberculosis throughout Italy and especially within Rome itself. Trade and military expansion would have acted as vehicles for the further extension of tuberculosis to the provinces via direct transmission from Italian-born Romans to the native populations. However, an alternative explanation may better explain the increase in the number of archeological cases of tuberculosis with the start of the Roman era. A literature review of Roman-era cases and their locations suggests that the development of an urban, Roman way of life resulted in significant increases in prevalence in regions where tuberculosis had previously been endemic only at a low level.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Tuberculosis - Volume 95, Supplement 1, June 2015, Pages S23–S28
نویسندگان
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