|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2737719||1148091||2015||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
PurposeTo describe the clinical presentation and computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances of subtentorial nocardia cerebral abscesses developing in immunocompetent patients.Patients and methodsThe clinical findings and the results of CT and MRI examinations of three immunocompetent patients with nocardiosis located initially only in the subtentorial region were studied. Three patients underwent CT examination and two patients had MRI.ResultsClinically, two patients had cerebellar syndrome and the third had meningism with fever. The diagnosis of nocardiosis was bacteriologically confirmed by demonstrating the organism in lumbar puncture fluid in one patient and by an aspiration biopsy of the abscess in the other two. Two of the patients improved under targeted antibiotic therapy whereas the third patient died. The main imaging features of the lesions were a multiloculated appearance with peripheral enhancement after intravenous administration of iodinated contrast material on CT and a multicystic appearance on MRI, with a peripheral hypointense rim on T2-weighted images, a relatively minor mass effect and a multiloculated appearance on gadolinium-chelate enhanced T1-weighted images.ConclusionThe clinical presentation of cerebral nocardiosis is relatively non-specific. A microcystic lesion surrounded by hypointensity on T2-weighted MR images with a multiloculated pattern after gadolinium chelate administration on T1-weighted MR images in association with a relatively minor mass effect should suggest this diagnosis even if the lesion is single and in the absence of immunosuppression.
Journal: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - Volume 96, Issue 9, September 2015, Pages 953–957