کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5038117 1472750 2017 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Direction of stimulus movement alters fear-linked individual differences in attentional vigilance to spider stimuli
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی روانپزشکی و بهداشت روانی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Direction of stimulus movement alters fear-linked individual differences in attentional vigilance to spider stimuli
چکیده انگلیسی


- Impact of approach and recede movement on fear-linked attentional vigilance is unknown.
- Results show stimulus movement direction impacted fear-linked vigilance to feared stimuli.
- Fear-linked attentional vigilance was absent during approach movement.
- Fear-linked attentional vigilance was present during recede movement.

Researchers have proposed that high spider-fearful individuals are characterised by heightened attentional vigilance to spider stimuli, as compared to low spider-fearful individuals. However, these findings have arisen from methodologies that have uniformly employed only static stimuli. Such findings do not inform upon the patterns of fear-linked attentional selectivity that occur in the face of moving feared stimuli. Hence, the present study developed a novel methodology designed to examine the influence of stimulus movement on attentional vigilance to spider and non-spider stimuli. Eighty participants who varied in level of spider-fear completed an attentional-probe task that presented stimuli under two conditions. One condition presented stimuli that displayed an approaching movement, while the other condition presented stimuli that displayed a receding movement. Fear-linked heightened attentional vigilance was observed exclusively under the latter condition. These findings suggest that fear-linked attentional vigilance to spider stimuli does not represent a uniform characteristic of heightened spider-fear, but rather is influenced by stimulus context. The means by which these findings inform understanding of attentional mechanisms that characterise heightened spider-fear, and avenues for future research, are discussed.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Behaviour Research and Therapy - Volume 99, December 2017, Pages 117-123
نویسندگان
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