کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5038117 1472750 2017 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Direction of stimulus movement alters fear-linked individual differences in attentional vigilance to spider stimuli
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
جهت حرکت جنبش، اختلافات فردی مرتبط با ترس تغییر در هوشیاری توجه به انگیزه های عنکبوتی است
کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی روانپزشکی و بهداشت روانی
چکیده انگلیسی


- Impact of approach and recede movement on fear-linked attentional vigilance is unknown.
- Results show stimulus movement direction impacted fear-linked vigilance to feared stimuli.
- Fear-linked attentional vigilance was absent during approach movement.
- Fear-linked attentional vigilance was present during recede movement.

Researchers have proposed that high spider-fearful individuals are characterised by heightened attentional vigilance to spider stimuli, as compared to low spider-fearful individuals. However, these findings have arisen from methodologies that have uniformly employed only static stimuli. Such findings do not inform upon the patterns of fear-linked attentional selectivity that occur in the face of moving feared stimuli. Hence, the present study developed a novel methodology designed to examine the influence of stimulus movement on attentional vigilance to spider and non-spider stimuli. Eighty participants who varied in level of spider-fear completed an attentional-probe task that presented stimuli under two conditions. One condition presented stimuli that displayed an approaching movement, while the other condition presented stimuli that displayed a receding movement. Fear-linked heightened attentional vigilance was observed exclusively under the latter condition. These findings suggest that fear-linked attentional vigilance to spider stimuli does not represent a uniform characteristic of heightened spider-fear, but rather is influenced by stimulus context. The means by which these findings inform understanding of attentional mechanisms that characterise heightened spider-fear, and avenues for future research, are discussed.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Behaviour Research and Therapy - Volume 99, December 2017, Pages 117-123
نویسندگان
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